However dark the topic, miscarriage and loss of an unborn baby is a topic that has to be discussed. It happens to millions of couples across the world on a daily basis. Which is why you need to know exactly what it is. On this page, we share a wealth of information about miscarriage and loss. And we aim to help you understand this topic better.
Understanding miscarriage and loss
Just the word miscarriage is something all pregnant women fear. The word refers to losing a pregnancy before 20 weeks. It can also be referred to as spontaneous abortion. Which is when a fetus is delivered before it has the ability to survive in the world outside of the womb.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, miscarriages are actually fairly common. Most women miscarry before they even knew they were pregnant. Roughly 50% of all pregnancies result in miscarriages after the egg implants in the uterus wall. Hence the existence of later periods and heavy bleeding.
Around 15-20% of pregnancies that make it past the 6-week mark after the last period might still result in miscarriage. It is between the 12t and 14th week of pregnancy that the risk of miscarriages is at their highest.
Why miscarriage and loss happens
Miscarriages and the loss of an unborn baby can happen for a variety of reasons. These include:
- Genetic or chromosomal abnormalities are present in the unborn baby. Up to 50% of all miscarriages are estimated to be caused by genetic or chromosomal abnormalities.
- External factors known as teratogens. These include radiation, exposure to chemicals, the use of drugs, and certain medications.
- Odd infections like toxoplasmosis, listeria, and syphilis.
- Uterine or genital infections
- Uterine abnormalities
- Progesterone deficiency in early pregnancy
- Consumption of alcohol
What are the warning signs of a miscarriage?
While some women experience none of these symptoms, here are the most common signs and symptoms that you might be having a miscarriage:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Abdominal cramps and pain
- A backache
- High fevers
How you can learn more about miscarriage and loss
We’ve dedicated our time and effort into providing you with the best information on all things related to pregnancy, including miscarriage and loss. If you feel up to the task and have a few minutes to spare, feel free to check out our related articles:
- Painkillers can cause miscarriage
- Signs you’re having a miscarriage
- Do men grieve miscarriages?
- All you need to know about miscarriages